The Four Horsemen (pt. 2)

In prof. Stuart’s Jan. 31st lecture, we learned a little about Milan, an aggressive and expansionist state.

Their goal was to expand their territory by conquering the nearby, weaker Italian states that surrounded them. With the amount of military strength they had, they must’ve believed this would be easy.

To achieve that goal, they hired mercenary soldiers. However, mercenary soldiers aren’t always loyal to their contractors…

The most prominent mercenary they hired was Francesco Sforza, who, in the battle against Milan and Venice, betrayed Milan to fight for Venice. After siding with Venice, his forces took over Milan, ruling over them and creating the Sforza dynasty.

In hindsight, Sforza’s betrayal is quite Machiavellian, and exactly the reason why Machiavelli himself, in his work, The Prince, urged princes to not rely on mercenaries. After all, mercenaries, according to Machiavelli, only care about the amount they get paid, and aren’t loyal to anyone other than themselves.

“When He broke the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come.” And another, a red horse, went out; and to him who sat on it, it was granted to take peace from the earth, and that men would slay one another; and a great sword was given to him.”

— Revelations 6:3-4


War is certainly one of the more “popular” horsemen, and tends to get more time in the limelight than Conquest. Since I’m sure most of the people in this class know what the 4 Horsemen are about already, I’ll just go on about some things about his design.

To start with, his pose is very fitting. Even while dressed in traditional Grim Reaper robes, you can tell that he’s sitting tall and proud on his horse, which is rearing up on its hind legs. To me, it looks as if he’s either doing a victory pose or declaring war on the world. The raised-up sword adds to this, giving his art some extra height and a shiny object that can become the center of attention. Another thing I like is the sinister appearance his hood gives him. Unlike Conquest, who shows most of his skeletal face, War’s face is mostly hidden, making him look more dastardly.

Yet, War isn’t in the midst of action in this art. His depicition in SMT is quite calm — sure, he’s the one who’s going to take all peace away from the Earth, but that doesn’t mean he has to be perpetually angry and irrational.


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